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Damascus Knife Information

Damascus Knife Information

Understanding Damascus Steel


The term "Damascus steel" can refer to two different types of ferrous (containing iron) materials characterized by the watery pattern produced from the controlled mixture and physical manipulation of the iron and steel. Western Europeans were first introduced to this material around the 3rd-4th centuries from the historical trading center of Damascus, in present-day Syria. While there are examples of this material being produced in Damascus itself, its technical and physical origins are from India and the Middle East. Damascus steel is not to be confused with damascene, which is a process of inlaying gold leaf onto the surface of steel for the purpose of decoration.

Cast Damascus steel, known as wootz, was popular in the East. It's produced by melting pieces of iron and steel with charcoal in a reducing atmosphere (lacking oxygen). During the process, the metals absorb carbon from the charcoal and the resulting alloy is cooled at a very slow rate. This produces a material with a visible crystalline structure of varying carbide contents. Forging the material into a desired shape (such as a sword blade) alters the crystalline structure into the familiar waving or watered pattern that Damascus steel is known for. This technique is extremely work intensive and requires a high degree of skill to keep the necessary temperatures constant throughout the process. The resulting volume of material produced is substantial enough for a larger-scale production house, but would be impractical for smaller individually produced pieces.

Fabricated Damascus steel, known as pattern-welded steel, was more popular in the West and produced essentially the same product as wootz with less labor and less yield. Layering two or more linear elements of iron and steel and forge welding them together produced pattern-welded steel. Forge welding requires the stacking of two pieces of metal and hammering the two together while the whole is at a high temperature. The surfaces of the individual metals are at the near molten state while the core of the metal is still solid. By forcing the surfaces together at this temperature (with the presence of a flux to seal the joint off from oxygen), the result is a welded bond, essentially forcing the two metals into one. Stretching out the length of the composite material and forge welding it back onto itself results in multiple layers that can be manipulated to produce the same watered pattern as wootz.

Besides their beautiful aesthetic appearances, both wootz and pattern-welded steels produced a metal that was harder and more flexible than traditional wrought iron. These features were critical in the making of a long bladed weapon, such as a sword. While the use of wootz steel is primarily linked to India and the Middle East, Norwegian smiths were masterfully producing pattern-welded blades in the 6th century A.D., centuries before the famed pattern-welded katana developed during Japan's Kamakura period (ca. 1185-1333). However, despite its famed durability and quality, Damascus steel is a relatively heterogeneous (unevenly mixed) material in comparison to modern high-carbon steels produced using the 19th century Bessemer process. For its time, it was a magnificent material that was costly and expensive to produce and allowed smiths to produce quality long-bladed weapons.






  •  Over 320 Layers, 15N20 & 1095 Damascus Mixture of steel and high, low Carbon and HRC approximately 50 to 60. The knife blade is 100% hand forged and is the results of hours of work. The Damascus steel used for this knife was created by forge welding multiple layers of 15N20 & 1095 steel into a solid billet. Heat Treatment: Excellent heat treatment to blade/ oil quenched. Our craftsman use heat treatment and oil quenching to create a perfect blade. The billet of the blade is forged, welded and hand hammered several times and dipped in the motel salt to get the unique patterns.
  • Maintaining Your Knife: Like any steel, Damascus knives need to be maintainted. Keep you knife clean and wll protected. We recommend you knive always be kept well lubricated with honing oil, 3 in 1, or Tuff Cloth. If you leave your knife unattended it can and will rust...so please maintain your knife. Keep your blades sharp with a quality wet stone.


To make a custom hand made knife is a skillful art that requires hard work and careful attention. This marvelous knife is very impressive due to its excellent design & detail. We take great pride when designing our knives. The knife is well balanced and has an excellent grip, creating a natural weight and feel when held. Our craftsman put extra work in each knife by carefully designing, carving and hand making it into a breathtaking work of art. There may be slight variations in finish, colors, etc. because they are hand made and variations in natural materials. You are purchasing a knife that will give you many years of great service as well as provide a family heirloom that you can hand down to family members. Please see our full line of knives...we have a fast growing base of knife collectors that eagerly wait for new knife releases. Buy two or three different model DKC KnivesTM and you will see. Our knives are value priced and compare to other custom knives costing two to five times the amount we sell our knives for. Since knives are one of those areas where its possible for fake copies to be made, please be sure to purchase directly from our company.  In addition, starting January 1, 2015 most of our knives will have a DKCTM engraving. Look for factory information in your box about knife care. Knives are well boxed, and typically arrive wrapped in plastic with a good coat of oil to protect the knife. When you receive your knife, take a soft cloth and clean off the knife..but as with all steel knives..keep it well oiled to preserve function, look, and beauty. Knives are for responsible adults only. You must be 18 Years or older to purchase this knife. While all our knives are field quality, we do not support or advocate the use of knives for any type of violent activity. We look forward to having you as a long term customer and thanks for purchasing a fine quality knife. THANKS FROM DKC KNIVES !